Family Violaceae (Violet family)
Pansies and most violets are perennial plants, although they are often grown as winter annuals in mild winter areas. They are grown mostly in borders, edges, or containers and sometimes used in rock gardens. Flowers may bloom in spring through summer and even during the winter in mild climates. They are brightly colored including blue, red, purple, yellow, and other colors. Many flowers have dark blotches on the lower three petals.
Optimum conditions for growth
Pansies do well in full sun or partial shade while violets do better in some or complete shade. They require regular water. Some species can tolerate some drought. Removing old flowers can extend the blooming period. Plants often need to be removed during the summer in very hot areas as they get ragged.